Ok. So it’s game day. So it’s time for part 3 before it’s time for kick-off.
Scoring and Penaties.
There are 4 ways to score in football.
Touchdown – this is where the ball crosses the goal-line. This can happen with a player carrying the ball over or a pass being caught in the endzone by a player (so long as they are on the same team as the player that threw the ball. (Typically the quarterback).(6 points)
Extra Point/Two-Point Conversion – After a touchdown the team has two choices. Kick for an extra point. Except for rare exception this is totally a gimme point because it is rarely, if ever, blocked or missed. (one point) There are times when a team will choose to go with a two point conversion which means they have the chance to essentially score a 2nd touchdown. They start on the two yard line and they to get it over again. If they do instead of the 1 point kick, they get two. And that 2 points instead of 1 can sometimes make all the difference. (2 points).
Field Goal: When the team with the ball is not going to be able to get a touchdown but they are within their kicker’s range, they will go for a field goal. It’s always a heartbreaker in the final seconds of a game, down by two points that your kicker misses the field goal turning what could have been an amazing win into a crushing defeat. The kicker has to kick the ball so that it goes between the goal posts. (3 points)
Safety: This is my single most favorite thing in football. Safetys make me practically giddy. A safety is scored when any of the following occurs: a ball carrier is tackled in his own endzone, the ball is blown dead in the endzone except for an incomplete pass and the defense is responsible for the ball being there, the offense commits a foul in the endzone. The sign for this by the referee is like the “A” in YMCA. I LOVE it. It’s awesome. (2 points).
I’m just going to highlight some of the most common penalties This is by no mean an exhaustive list. Also I’ll let you know the signals for them so you know.
First, penalties are called out by the throwing of a yellow flag.
Delay of game: The team with the ball has not gotten the play started before the play clock expires. It sets the offense back 5 yards. Signal can be one arm over the other or each hand touching the opposite shoulder.
False Start: This is where a player on the offense starts moving across the line of scrimmage before the ball is snapped. Signal is one forearm rolling over the other. Like when you sing “The wheels on the bus”.
Helmet to Helmet contact: 15 yard penalty in favor of the non-offending team. Results in automatic first down if caused by the defense. In tight games a big penalty like this can make the difference between a win and a loss. - No signal.
Holding – Either offense or defense – this is one of the most common penalties. A player can just just hold on to the non-ball carrying player on the other team. You can block over and over to keep them from getting through, but you cannot just hold them. Offense – 10 yard penalty. If committed in the endzone it results in a safety for the other team. Defense – 5 yards. Signal is one arm up with a 90 degree angle and the other hand grasping that arm at the wrist.
The last one, because the rest are pretty self explanatory is Pass Interference. If committed by the offense, meaning they interfered with the defensive player – 10 yard penalty. And this is the BIG ONE folks. If committed by the defense the ball is placed at the yardline of the spot of the foul. So if the quarterback throws a long bomb down the field and the receiver is all the way down at the 10 yardline and they call defensive pass interference. Oh my gosh. The ball is suddenly down at the 10 yard line. Awesome!
I don’t know if I covered challenges. A coach gets two challenges during the game where they can question a ruling… i.e. spot of the ball, whether a pass was received, etc. If they WIN the challenge, they are not forced to use a timeout. If they lose the challenge they do lose a time out. If, however, they use both of their challenges and WIN both of their challenges they are awarded a third challenge.
Lastly, overtime. It’s an additional quarter. Coin toss and everything. However, the first time that is on offense has to score a touchdown to win. They cannot just score a field goal and win. They get a touchdown? Game over. If they get a field goal or don’t score the other team gets a turn to have the ball. If THEY score a touchdown they win. If they get a field goal, then the game is tied. If they don’t score the game is over.
Ok, I am seriously running late getting ready to go so I have to go hop in the shower. For parts 1 and two just go “home” and read them in order.
ENJOY THE GAME!!!!!